Combat Calculator


How Combat is Resolved

The Expansion combat system is an elaborate model that takes into account a rather large set of elements that influence the outcome of combat. These elements form a certain amount of weight in the combat calculations. They are listed below, in order of the amount of weight they contribute to the outcome of a battle.

Elements of combat

The elements of combat determine the losses to units in combat and influence the outcome of battles. These calculations are done with the Combat Calculator, a computer program that compares two units with each other, takes into account the elements of combat and produces results. Below the elements are listed in order of importance. At the end of the calculation, a random number is added to provide the element of chance.

  • Strength: The strength of your and your opponent's forces are of course the most determining element in combat. It goes without saying that a weak force has less chance of winning a battle than a strong force. Strength knows two components: the quality of the weapon systems and the sheer quantity with which they can be brought to bear.
  • Tactics: The tactic chosen by you or your commander determines how your forces will be employed on the battlefield. The effects of the chosen tactic is influenced by two components: the terrain type and the tactics of your opponent. A frontal assault, for instance, is not such a good idea in rocky terrain defended by entrenched forces. However, in flat terrain, where the enemy is defending in depth by scattering his forces, it will give you an almost certain victory.
  • Skill: Skill is the knowledge of using tools efficiently. It can be raised by education and training. In combat, the best-trained soldiers usually win the day. However, training takes time and time may not always be in your advantage.
  • Experience: Battle experience is gained by experiencing... battle. Some experience can be gained by having your forces conduct excercizes, but that may have political implications. The more experienced your men are, the more battle-hardened they have become which will enable them to stand the hardships of the next battles in a better way. The higher the battle experience, the less shaky morale will be.
  • Stamina: The 'physical energy' of a unit. Stamina will influence how much work a unit can do before morale will sink and your men will need to rest. It is always possible to drive your forces onwards, but this will have drastic effects on disease and desertion rates.
  • Morale: The 'psychological energy' of a unit. Simply put: morale will determine whether your forces will continue to fight and take risks, or whether they will give up and withdraw from battle. The amount of losses a unit is able to take before withdrawing is determined by the level of its morale.
  • Commanders: The skills, charisma, and experience of commanders will influence the outcome of a battle in three ways. Firstly, a commander chooses an appropriate tactic. Secondly, he influences the morale of the forces under his command by his charisma. Thirdly, a commander, by his experience, is able to adapt his plans to the ever-changing situation on the battlefield.
  • Weather: The effects of weather are still felt in modern warfare. By 'bad weather' one usually means that the weather is not supportive to an attacker. However, the defender will usually wish for rain or fog which will obstruct an attacker's advance and prevents accurate bombardment.
  • Surprise: In case of a surprise attack, the effects on the morale of the defender may be disastrous.
  • Chance: The uncertainty of combat is reflected in the element of chance.

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This historical conflict simulation is dedicated to Chanel Stevens

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