|How Combat is Resolved
combat system is an elaborate model that takes
into account a rather large set of elements that
influence the outcome of combat. These elements
form a certain amount of weight in the combat
calculations. They are listed below, in order of
the amount of weight they contribute to the
outcome of a battle.
Elements of combat
The elements of combat
determine the losses to units in combat and
influence the outcome of battles. These
calculations are done with the Combat
Calculator, a computer program that compares two units with
each other, takes into account the elements of
combat and produces results. Below the elements
are listed in order of importance. At the end of
the calculation, a random number is added to
provide the element of chance.
- Strength: The strength of your
and your opponent's forces are of course
the most determining element in combat.
It goes without saying that a weak force
has less chance of winning a battle than
a strong force. Strength knows two
components: the quality of the weapon
systems and the sheer quantity with which
they can be brought to bear.
- Tactics: The tactic chosen by
you or your commander determines how your
forces will be employed on the
battlefield. The effects of the chosen
tactic is influenced by two components:
the terrain type and the tactics of your
opponent. A frontal assault, for
instance, is not such a good idea in
rocky terrain defended by entrenched
forces. However, in flat terrain, where
the enemy is defending in depth by
scattering his forces, it will give you
an almost certain victory.
- Skill: Skill is the knowledge
of using tools efficiently. It can be
raised by education and training. In
combat, the best-trained soldiers usually
win the day. However, training takes time
and time may not always be in your advantage.
- Experience: Battle experience is
gained by experiencing... battle. Some
experience can be gained by having your
forces conduct excercizes, but that may
have political implications. The more
experienced your men are, the more
battle-hardened they have become which will enable
them to stand the hardships of the next
battles in a better way. The higher the
battle experience, the less shaky morale
- Stamina: The 'physical energy'
of a unit. Stamina will influence how
much work a unit can do before morale
will sink and your men will need to rest.
It is always possible to drive your
forces onwards, but this will have
drastic effects on disease and desertion
- Morale: The 'psychological
energy' of a unit. Simply put: morale
will determine whether your forces will
continue to fight and take risks, or
whether they will give up and withdraw
from battle. The amount of losses a unit is
able to take before withdrawing is
determined by the level of its morale.
- Commanders: The skills, charisma,
and experience of commanders will
influence the outcome of a battle in
three ways. Firstly, a commander chooses
an appropriate tactic. Secondly, he
influences the morale of the forces under
his command by his charisma. Thirdly, a
commander, by his experience, is able to
adapt his plans to the ever-changing
situation on the battlefield.
- Weather: The effects of weather
are still felt in modern warfare. By 'bad
weather' one usually means that the
weather is not supportive to an attacker.
However, the defender will usually wish
for rain or fog which will obstruct an
attacker's advance and prevents accurate bombardment.
- Surprise: In case of a surprise
attack, the effects on the morale of the
defender may be disastrous.
- Chance: The uncertainty of
combat is reflected in the element of