The first principle in the game is the uncertainty premise:
There is only one thing you know for sure: everything is
not as it seems to be.
Perception, or what you think you see which mya not really be,
is vitally important in politics. Machiavelli taught us that perception is even
more important than facts. Perception can blur your vision in politics as well
as in military affairs. Perhaps it's better explained with some examples.
When your intelligence people tell you that "no
information could be obtained on German research
projects", don't think that Germany is not
working on anything special or exotic. On the contrary,
it might be that your clever opponent is working on the
atom bomb and wants to keep it a secret. He could have
assigned the bulk of his secret service on
counter-espionage, concentrated his secret agents on
guarding research secrets. But how can you be sure?
When you get word in 1942 that "Germany is close to
producing an atomic bomb", don't flame the GM, saying
that this isn't historical, realistic or is obstructing a
fun game. The GM knows. The GM knows it all. You don't.
Don't jump to conclusions too soon. If you're sure that
it's impossible to research the atom bomb within 2 years
without sufficient uranium and a secret testing area,
then you should be concluding that the information might
just be a rumor. It might even be a rumor from the German
player himself. Why? Power politics, that's why. Remember
that the GM is dedicated to producing a fun game base on
historical facts. This ensure
both ample room for experimentation and variation, within
During and after the Battle of Britain, both the
Luftwaffe and the RAF claimed to have shot down much more
enemy aircraft than the aircraft which were in fact shot
down. Here are the numbers claimed and in reality shot
Aircraft Losses claimed by
the RAF and Luftwaffe and compared to real figures, July
10th to September 31st, 1940. Source:
Calvocoressi, Total War.
Claimed by RAF
Claimed by Luftwaffe
As you can see, the RAF's estimate of Luftwaffe losses was
about two and a half times as much as had actually been shot
down. The Luftwaffe's estimates were even less accurate: they
claimed to have shot down almost five times as much RAF
aircraft as had actually been lost!
So remember: nothing is as it seems.